Car-Size ‘Sea Monster’ Terrorized Triassic Oceans


A crocodile-like monster the length of a Volkswagen Beetle terrorized victim in the late Triassic oceans about 210 million years earlier, a brand-new research study discovers.


Scientist excavated the remains of 4 of these now-extinct sea beasts from the rocky slopes of the Austrian Alps. However even at 13 feet long (4 meters), these animals — referred to as phytosaurs — weren’t totally grown.


The phytosaurs were just about 8 years of ages when they passed away, and they were “still actively growing,” according to a bone analysis, stated research study lead scientist Richard Butler, a teacher of paleobiology at the University of Birmingham in the UK. [Photos: Early Dinosaur Cousin Looked Like a Croc]


Provided the trouble of bringing these fossils to light, it’s impressive that this brand-new types — called Mystriosuchus steinbergeri — is lastly being presented to science. Its types name honors Sepp Steinberger, a member of a regional caving club, who found the fossils while climbing up the “dead mountains,” a remote location of the Austrian Alps, in 1980. A group from the Nature Museum in Vienna excavated the stays 2 years later on and needed to utilize a helicopter to transfer the fossils off the mountain, which was almost 1.2 miles (2 kilometers) high.

The excavation group — consisting of (delegated right) Johann Segl, Sepp Steinberger, Georg Sverak and Walter Prenner — gathered the fossils in July 1982.

Credit: Ortwin Schultz


The museum wiped the fossils and put them on display screen. However “because there are very few specialists on phytosaurs — this particular group of fossil reptiles — it took many years before they were studied,” Butler informed Live Science. Lastly, in 2013, a group of British, French, Austrian and Swiss scientists started taking a look at the ancient remains.


Phytosaurs appear like a mix of the contemporary crocodile, alligator and gharial, although they lived long prior to those animals and are not especially close family members of them, Butler stated. “This is an example of ‘evolutionary convergence,’ where distantly related groups evolve to look alike because they live in similar environments,” he stated.

An illustration of the newly discovered phytosaur species <i>Mystriosuchus steinbergeri</i>, a crocodile-like beast that lived 210 million years ago in what is now Austria.

An illustration of the recently found phytosaur types Mystriosuchus steinbergeri, a crocodile-like monster that lived 210 million years earlier in what is now Austria.

Credit: Copyright Mark Witton


The phytosaur is a semiaquatic reptile whose remains are normally discovered near freshwater lakes and rivers. (Although it lived throughout the early dinosaur age, the phytosaur is not a dinosaur.) Nevertheless, these specific fossils were discovered in sediments from an ancient ocean environment, 10s of miles from the Triassic coastline.


It’s not likely that all 4 of these phytosaurs passed away on land and after that were rinsed to sea, Butler stated. “Therefore, we think this provides the best evidence to date to support the idea that some phytosaurs lived in marine environments,” he stated.


This recently called types, along with fossils from a couple of other phytosaur specimens discovered for many years in marine deposits, recommends that a few of these animals might reside in, or a minimum of go through, saltwater environments, the scientists stated.


The research study was released online May 8 in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.


Initially released on Live Science.



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